API

    The Simple IoT server currently provides both Http and NATS.io APIs. We've tried to keep the two APIs a similar as possible so it is easy to switch from one to the other. The Http API currently accepts JSON, and the NATS API uses protobuf.

    NOTE, the Simple IoT API is not final and will continue to be refined in the coming months.

    HTTP🔗

    For details on data payloads, it is simplest to just refer to the Go types which have JSON tags.

    Most APIs that do not return specific data (update/delete) return a StandardResponse

    • Nodes
      • data structure
      • /v1/nodes
        • GET: return a list of all nodes
      • /v1/nodes/:id
        • GET: return info about a specific node. Body can optionally include the id of parent node to include edge point information.
        • DELETE: delete a node
      • /v1/nodes/:id/parents
        • POST: move node to new parent
        • PUT: add parent (not implemented yet)
      • /v1/nodes/:id/points
        • POST: post points for a node
      • /v1/nodes/:id/cmd
        • GET: gets a command for a node and clears it from the queue. Also clears the CmdPending flag in the Device state.
        • POST: posts a cmd for the node and sets the node CmdPending flag.
      • /v1/nodes/:id/not
        • POST: send a notification to all node users and upstream users
    • Auth
      • /v1/auth
        • POST: accepts email and password as form values, and returns a JWT Auth token

    HTTP Examples🔗

    You can post a point using the HTTP API without authorization using curl:

    curl -i -H "Content-Type: application/json" -H "Accept: application/json" -X POST -d '[{"type":"value", "value":100}]' http://localhost:8080/v1/nodes/be183c80-6bac-41bc-845b-45fa0b1c7766/points

    If you want HTTP authorization, set the SIOT_AUTH_TOKEN environment variable before starting Simple IoT and then pass the token in the authorization header:

    curl -i -H "Authorization: be183c80-6bac-41bc-845b-45fa0b1c7766" -H "Content-Type: application/json" -H "Accept: application/json" -X POST -d '[{"type":"value", "value":100}]' http://localhost:8080/v1/nodes/be183c80-6bac-41bc-845b-45fa0b1c7766/points

    NATS🔗

    NATS.io allows more complex and efficient interactions between various system components (device, cloud, and web UI). These three parts of the system make IoT systems inherently distributed. NATS focuses on simplicity and is written in Go which ensures the Go client is a 1st class citizen and also allows for interesting possibilities such as embedding in the NATS server in various parts of the system. This allows us to keep our one-binary deployment model.

    The siot binary embeds the NATS server, so there is no need to deploy and run a separate NATS server.

    For the NATS transport, protobuf encoding is used for all transfers and are defined here.

    • Nodes
      • node.<id>
        • can be used to request an entire node data structure. If id = "root", then the root node is fetched.
        • body can optionally include the ID of the parent node to populate node with points from the edge data structure.
      • node.<id>.children
        • can be used to request the immediate children of a node
      • node.<id>.points
        • used to listen for or publish node point changes.
      • node.<id>.<parent>.points
        • used to publish/subscribe node edge points. The tombstone point type is used to track if a node has been deleted or not.
      • node.<id>.not
        • used when a node sends a notification (typically a rule, or a message sent directly from a node)
      • node.<id>.msg
        • used when a node sends a message (SMS, email, phone call, etc). This is typically initiated by a notification.
      • node.<id>.file
        • is used to transfer files to a node in chunks, which is optimized for unreliable networks like cellular and is handy for transfering software update files. There is Go code available to manage both ends of the transfer as well as a utility to send files and an example edge application to receive files.
    • System
      • error
        • any errors that occur are sent to this subject